Breathe: LA County's Guaranteed Income Program

Breathe: Los Angeles County's Guaranteed Income Program, was launched in 2022 by the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors: Hilda L. Solis, Holly J. Mitchell, Sheila Kuehl, Janice Hahn, and Kathryn Barger.

1,000

participants

$1,000

monthly payment

3 Years

duration

$36,000,000

invested in community

logo
Pilot Features  
Number of Participants1,000 individuals
Median Household Income$10,875 per year
Amount$1,000
Frequencymonthly
Program DatesJune 2022-August 2025
EligibilityOver the age of 18; resident in a neighborhood identified as being at or below LA County’s Area Median Income (AMI); in a single person household that falls at or below AMI or in a household with two or more persons that falls at or below 120% AMI; have been financially negatively affected by the COVID-19 pandemic; and not concurrently participating in another guaranteed income program.

About Breathe: LA County's Guaranteed Income Program

Los Angeles County launched Breathe to provide its residents the chance to “breathe” easier knowing they are more financially secure. Breathe is a guaranteed income pilot project providing 1,000 eligible residents with $1,000 per month for three years. While the benefits of guaranteed income programs have been documented, this independent research project will study the effects of this type of program so the County and other jurisdictions can learn about the project’s impact on participants’ economic stability, as well as their overall health and well-being.

Data last updated on 12/31/2023.

Demographic Data for Pilot Participants

Median Annual Household income

Breathe

$10,875

Los Angeles County, CA

$82,516

Annual Household Income (Mean)

$14,721

Sample Size

1000

Avg. Age of Respondent

40

Avg. Children in Household

1

Avg. Household Size

3

gender

Male

32.80%

Female

65.60%

Other

1.60%

marital status

Married

21.70%

Single

65.90%

Partnered/In-Relationship

12.40%

children in household

Yes

53.00%

No

47.00%

race

White

30.00%

African American

23.00%

American Indian/Alaska Native

0.20%

Asian

8.00%

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

0.70%

Latino

15.00%

Other/Mixed

23.10%

ethnicity

Hispanic

57.20%

Non-Hispanic

42.80%

primary language at home

English

65.40%

Spanish

25.90%

Other

8.70%

Economic Context for Pilot Participants

The guaranteed income pilot launched during a period of dynamic change and economic challenges for pilot participants. The chart below situates this pilot in the context of unemployment and inflation.

Start of Covid-19 PandemicJan 2019MarMayJulSepNovJan 2020MarMayJulSepNovJan 2021MarMayJulSepNovJan 2022MarMayJulSepNovJan 2023MarMayJulSepNovJan 2024MarMayJulSepNovJan 2025MarMayJulSepNovJan 202602468101214161820Unemployment02468101214161820Inflation
Unemployment  
Inflation  
Pilot Timeline
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Spending Breakdown

The data in this pie chart shows aggregate spending for guaranteed income participants in Los Angeles County, CA. This includes all non-cash expenditures from the participants' pre-paid debit card that is loaded with guaranteed income payments monthly.

Spending breakdown

Food and groceries accounted for the largest share of spending, at 35.31%, followed by Retail sales and services (31.13%) and Transport related expenses (10.34%).

Jeff

"The fact that I can be there for my mother and grandmother is a huge blessing."

Jeff

Breathe: LA County's Guaranteed Income Program

Los Angeles County, CA

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