Excel Pilot Program

Durham's Guaranteed Income Pilot (Excel) was championed by former Mayor Steve Schewel and launched in 2022 by Mayor Elaine O'Neal.

109

participants

$600

monthly payment

1 Year

duration

$784,800

invested in community

logo
Pilot Features  
Number of Participants109 individuals
Median Household Income$8,769 per year
Amount$600
Frequencymonthly
Program DatesMarch 2022-February 2023
EligibilityReleased from prison (NC State prison, a prison in another state, or federal prison) within the last 60 months (5 yrs) prior to application, returning to a Durham address (City or County), and with an income below 60% 2021 Durham-Chapel Hill AMI.

About the Excel Pilot Program

Launched in March 2022, Durham's Guaranteed Income Pilot or Excel, provides 109 formerly incarcerated individuals with $600 per month for one year. Excel is a partnership between the City of Durham and StepUp Durham, a workforce development agency focused on employment training, placement and retention services for individuals with challenges to employment. We believe that ongoing direct cash payments can have the dual effect of stabilizing families and stimulating the local economy; that families are best positioned to know their needs and cash transfer programs that come with no strings attached give families the agency they need to address them; and that a guaranteed income is part of a wider set of policies needed in our country to address rising income inequality. The objective of Durham’s guaranteed income or Excel Pilot Program is to evaluate guaranteed income’s effects on recidivism and re-incarceration, employment, economic security, and income volatility, as well as physical functioning, mental health, stress, and coping, parenting, housing, and interactions with other institutional systems.

Data last updated on 9/30/2023.

Demographic Data for Pilot Participants

Median Annual Household income

Excel

$8,769

Durham, NC

$78,105

Annual Household Income (Mean)

$14,766

Sample Size

109

Avg. Age of Respondent

41

Avg. Children in Household

1

Avg. Household Size

3

gender

Male

73.00%

Female

26.00%

Other

1.00%

marital status

Married

26.21%

Single

59.22%

Partnered/In-Relationship

14.56%

children in household

Yes

42.31%

No

57.69%

race

White

10.58%

African American

83.65%

American Indian/Alaska Native

1.80%

Asian

0.91%

Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander

0.00%

Latino

0.00%

Other/Mixed

3.06%

ethnicity

Hispanic

2.88%

Non-Hispanic

97.12%

primary language at home

English

99.03%

Spanish

0.10%

Other

0.87%

Economic Context for Pilot Participants

The guaranteed income pilot launched during a period of dynamic change and economic challenges for pilot participants. The chart below situates this pilot in the context of unemployment and inflation.

Start of Covid-19 PandemicJan 2019MarMayJulSepNovJan 2020MarMayJulSepNovJan 2021MarMayJulSepNovJan 2022MarMayJulSepNovJan 2023MarMayJulSepNovJan 2024MarMayJulSepNovJan 2025MarMayJulSepNovJan 202602468101214161820Unemployment02468101214161820Inflation
Unemployment  
Inflation  
Pilot Timeline
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Spending Breakdown

The data in this pie chart shows aggregate spending for guaranteed income participants in Durham, NC. This includes all non-cash expenditures from the participants' bank accounts, not just those that are from the guaranteed income they received.

Spending breakdown

Retail sales and services accounted for the largest share of spending, at 43.77%, followed by Food and groceries (23.63%) and Transport related expenses (12.5%).

Torry

“The funds are of great benefit to me because they help with my basic necessities like paying my rent.”

Torry

Excel Pilot Program

Durham, NC

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